If you’re a native English speaker, you probably don’t think about English grammar as much as someone who has to learn it as a second language. However, if you’re writing in the business world, it’s vital that you use correct grammar so that you don’t give your audience the wrong impression about your product or service. Luckily, there are plenty of ways to learn the ins and outs of English grammar to ensure that your written communications are flawless. Check out this article on English grammar do’s and don’ts to help get you started!
- To form the present simple, use the base form of the verb. This is the same as the infinitive without to.
- For regular verbs, add -s to the base form in the third person singular (he, she, it).
- For irregular verbs, use the second column of this irregular verbs list.
- Verbs don’t change in the other persons (I, you, we, they).
Do you remember when you were in elementary school and your teacher would go over English grammar rules with you? I’m sure you do. Well, those same rules apply today – maybe even more so. Here are five important tips to keep in mind when writing in the past tense.
- Make sure to use the correct verb form. For example, the regular verb ‘read’ becomes ‘read’ in the past tense. Similarly, ‘walk’ becomes ‘walked.’
- If an action happened before another one in the past, put the first one in the simple past and then make a comma after it to set up for what comes next.
- If an action happened at the same time as another one or if it is unclear which one happened first (such as with two events happening at different times), then both verbs should be in the present perfect tense.
Present Perfect Simple
The present perfect simple tense is used to describe an event that happened at an unspecified time in the past. To form the present perfect simple, use the present tense of the verb have followed by the past participle of the main verb. For example, I have eaten breakfast. The present perfect simple can also be used to describe an event that happened in the past and continues to happen in the present. For example, I have known her for five years.
Past Perfect Simple
The past perfect simple is used to describe an event that happened before another event in the past. It’s easy to form – just take the past tense of the verb and add had before it. For example, I had eaten breakfast before I left for work.
It is important to know how to use English grammar correctly in order to communicate effectively. This can be difficult for non-native speakers, but there are some simple rules that can help. Here are some do’s and don’ts for using the future tense correctly.
There are many rules when it comes to grammar, but one of the most important things to remember is to use modal verbs correctly. Modal verbs are used to express ability, doubt, certainty, and other concepts.
If, Wishes and Would Like
When you wish to express desire or hope for something in the future, you can use ‘if’ or ‘wish’. For example, I wish I had a million dollars or If only I could turn back time. However, be careful not to overuse these words as they can make your writing sound wishy-washy.
Passives in the Passive Voice
One issue that often trips up writers is using the passive voice when they should be using the active voice, or vice versa. So, let’s take a look at when to use each.
Subject-Verb Agreement Rules
One of the most basic rules of grammar is subject-verb agreement, which means that the subject and verb in a sentence must agree in number. In other words, if the subject is singular, the verb must be singular; if the subject is plural, the verb must be plural.
Reported Speech – Quotations and Speeches
When quoting someone or reporting a speech, it is important to use proper grammar. This means using correct verb tenses and pronouns. For example, if you are quoting someone who said I am going to the store, you would say, She said that she was going to the store. If you are reporting a speech, you would use the same verb tense as the speaker. For example, He said ‘I am going to the store’ would be incorrect if the speaker said it in past tense.
One grammar rule that often trips people up is question tags. Question tags are small phrases added to the end of a declarative or imperative sentence (usually with a rising intonation) to turn it into a question. For example, the statement You’re English, aren’t you? has the question tag aren’t you, which changes the meaning of the whole sentence.